Lichen is one of the most common dermatological diseases. It is known that about 5% of people on the planet are familiar with the symptoms of first-stage psoriasis. The cause of this disease lies in the inadequate reaction of the organism when it is exposed to external stimuli. And, if in a healthy body the duration of the period in which skin cells renew is about 3-4 weeks, then in patients with this pathology it is reduced to 4-5 days.
Causes and signs of the initial stage of psoriasis
To date, the reasons why psoriasis occurs at an early stage have not been fully elucidated. However, the trigger that leads to the disease is believed to be severe stress. In addition, among the possible reasons, experts point out the following:
- transmitted infections;
- response to cold climates;
- some eating habits (abuse of spicy foods, marinades);
- unhealthy lifestyle (especially alcoholism);
- hereditary factor.
Symptoms of first-stage psoriasis
It is important to recognize psoriasis at an early stage. After all, the timely start of treatment allows to avoid worsening of the condition and the spread of the disease to other organs.
The first signs of the disease can be seen on the elbows. In the initial phase, psoriasis looks more like a small rash, a little later small nodules appear. After a while, they grow, connecting with each other. Then plaques of different sizes appear on the affected areas of the skin. They turn white and peel.
Does psoriasis itch in the early stages? Dermatologists often give a positive answer to this question. Particularly unpleasant itching where plaque buildup is greatest:
- on the elbows;
- on the knees;
- in places where the integrity of the skin is compromised (there are cuts or cracks).
The first signs of the disease often appear in places that are constantly touched by clothing. This is especially evident in children. Therefore, psoriasis in the first stage is often confused with the manifestations of diathesis or allergy to products used for washing. This is the most dangerous mistake. After all, the treatment started when the first rash appears is much more effective than the therapy that was prescribed later.
Experts distinguish three main signs that accurately indicate an autoimmune problem and do not allow it to be confused with any other skin disease:
- A stain that looks like crushed stearin. It is caused by peeling scales.
- The appearance of the so-called terminal film under the scales.
- Appearance of bruises on the skin (drops of blood dew).
In the initial stage of psoriasis, the symptoms (rash) disappear after approximately 2 months. If left untreated, it will reappear after a while, but to a much greater extent.
Treatment of the initial stage of psoriasis
Doctors are careful about treating the initial form of the disease. And if two decades ago, at the first signs, they often prescribed quite serious drugs, including hormonal drugs and cytostatics, then modern tactics are aimed at eliminating the causes of exacerbations - patients are advised to avoid stress, reconsider diet, lead a balanced lifestyle. To eliminate the unpleasant symptoms, experts prescribe non-hormonal local agents, including ointments, gels, shampoos prepared on the basis of:
- tar of birch, pine or juniper;
- anti-inflammatory drugs (salicylic and zinc ointment).
In the initial stage of psoriasis, treatment includes the use of fatty creams enriched with vitamins A and E. Fats that contain hormonal agents are used in cases where the use of non-hormonal topical agents does not bring relief.
In addition, a good effect in psoriasis in the initial stage is observed after the application of physiotherapy procedures:
- electrosan, which has a sedative effect;
- ultraviolet radiation of waves of different lengths (311-312 nm, as well as 310-340 nm);
- ultrasonic vibration exposure with a high frequency range (800-3000 kHz);
- laser therapy;
Medications and procedures used in the treatment of the initial stage of psoriasis, the doctor prescribes individually, focusing on the severity of symptoms, age of the patient and the body's response to therapy.
Treatment at home
To alleviate the condition in the initial phase of psoriasis, home treatment should be combined with the doctor who prescribed it. For most patients, dermatologists recommend starting with a change in diet, completely abandoning fatty meats, dry meat, hot spices, coffee, chocolate and alcohol. Diversify your diet with fresh fruits and vegetables (especially leafy ones), sour milk and fish products.
In order not to further irritate the skin, it is recommended to use baby or tar washing soap. Baths with collections of medicinal herbs (tricolor violets, successions, celandine, hops and others) and sea salt help well.
Experts also recommend not to refuse trips to resorts where mud therapy is practiced, to the seashore. At the same time, you should not choose the warmest months of the year to relax. At moderate temperatures, spa treatments, mud applications and bathing in sea water provide a lasting effect.
When you are wondering if it is possible to cure psoriasis in the initial stage, there is no doubt. By consulting a doctor in a timely manner, there is a high probability that you will forget about the problem for a long time.