What is psoriasis and what causes it?

Psoriasis is a systemic disease. Treatment of this disease should be carried out by complex methods. This should be done because in such patients there is an injury in the work of several internal organs at once. The causes of psoriasis can also be different.

elbow psoriasis


Doctors have not definitively determined what causes psoriasis. But at the same time, the main factors that cause plaques to appear on the skin include:

  • predisposition at the gene level. If the parents had psoriasis, then in only 25% of cases it can be transmitted to their children. When both parents have suffered from such a disease, the risk of transmission increases. Medicine does not yet know the exact moments at the level of genes that contribute to the transmission of the disease.
  • Psychosomatics. Psychological reasons also affect the appearance of diseases. Psoriasis occurs in those who are constantly nervous or who are constantly under stress.
  • Immunity. The disease can also occur with a decrease in blood quality indicators or a decrease in immunity.
  • Thyroid glands. With a change in hormonal background, it will be possible to observe the manifestation of plaques on the body.
  • GIT. Disorders in the digestive system lead to psoriasis.
  • Insufficient amount of vitamins B and A in the human body.
  • Psoriasis can occur after SARS. At the same time, doctors claim that the common cold simply serves as an activation of the onset of the disease, but is not its cause.

In order to provide the patient with long-term remission, he must constantly take vitamins and use fats.


The plates have different geometric shapes and colors. However, they are slightly convex. The rash is covered with remnants of dead skin. They can be removed. After that, a stain will remain on that part of the body, which will be different in color from the rest of the skin.

The size of the stain can be from 1 to 10 centimeters. There are plaques of smaller sizes as well. Such manifestations can merge into a common mass and affect the whole body. These parts of the body may itch. There, skin cells will recover much more slowly than on healthy epidermis.

The causes of psoriasis can be psychological factors. Psychology is also important here. After stress, a rash may appear on a person's head. It can also appear on the face or ankles. The disease spreads on the head mainly in the scalp. In the early stages of such a disease, it is easy to confuse it with seborrhea. Therefore, the patient may not pay attention to the symptoms for a long time, attributing it to the usual irritation of the epidermis.

psoriasis medications

Scientists say that no matter what the cause of this disease, its symptoms may not appear immediately. Stains on the body should become a signal of danger. They usually have different geometry and small diameter. At such manifestations, there may be particles of dead epidermis.


The causes of psoriasis are different, but treatment should be comprehensive. In the beginning, it is important to pay attention to the symptoms of psoriasis, and then to the causes. Causes and treatment are related.

In order to stop the disease immediately and prevent the possibility of its spread, it is necessary to:

  • Set a diet.
  • Eat foods with vitamins B12, B16, B and A.
  • Do not eat spicy, fried and salty.
  • Do not drink alcohol.
  • Don't be nervous and avoid stress.

In the initial phase of the manifestation of such a disease, it can be treated with ointments with salicylic acid. It will remove inflammation, reduce itching and remove bacteria from the plaque surface. In case of complications and in severe cases, treatment is carried out with hormone-based ointments. It will alleviate the patient's inflammation and reduce the possibility of plaque spreading. The severity of the symptoms will also decrease.

Psoriasis also occurs in children. The causes of psoriasis here can be different. Psoriasis in children is also treated comprehensively. They are prescribed calcium, vitamins, antihistamines and sedatives. You can also take herbal baths to relieve stress and tension.

female psoriasis

An indirect effect on the appearance of plaques can have a rush of hormones. The initial stage of the disease can also be diagnosed in a child during his puberty. In women, the onset of the disease may coincide with the onset of menstruation. Symptoms can also appear in adulthood during menopause, when a hormonal jump is noticed in the body.

pregnant woman with psoriasis at the doctor

When they carry a fetus, women experience remission. This is due to the fact that the adrenal glands work hard, releasing a large amount of cortisone.

It is also worth noting that the causes, symptoms and treatment of psoriasis can be almost the same in women and men, regardless of age.


Half of the people who suffer from psoriasis may also have joint problems. This disease can affect people between the ages of 30 and 40. Symptoms usually occur on the feet. To make a diagnosis, you will need to undergo an X-ray, urine and blood tests.

Doctors have not yet determined the possibility of an individual approach to each patient with the possibility of curing this disease. Therefore, medications and nonsteroidal ointments may usually be prescribed to relieve symptoms.

Folk remedies

In children or adults, psoriasis can also be treated with folk remedies. He is subject to such treatment. At the same time, the causes of psoriasis can be different.

If the disease is manifested due to a gastrointestinal disorder, then it can be successfully treated by taking herbal decoctions. Tinctures should be on alcohol. Here you can use the following plants:

  1. Aloe.
  2. Velcro.
  3. Barley.
  4. Dandelion and others.

Such herbs can have antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effect on the patient's body.


It is important to adhere to the diet in such a disease. During the period of deterioration, it is worth abandoning the use of citrus fruits, milk, eggs. It is also worth taking salty foods carefully and in small amounts, but it is better to completely refuse salt. You should also not drink rich meat or fish soups. At the same time, doctors note that alcohol in small quantities can be consumed occasionally. When the disease begins to progress, it is useful for the body to work on fasting days.

a doctor examines psoriasis on the head


Psoriasis can occur with exacerbations. In this case, most of the surface of the patient's skin may become a stain. The condition of the joints will worsen. This is dangerous because pathology can lead to serious consequences in heart failure.

In this case, the patient will have to adhere to bed rest, inject intravenous fluid to help alleviate inflammation, take complex medications prescribed by a doctor, and apply bandages to the skin to cool it down.


Given all the reasons why plaques can appear on the body, it is possible to determine prevention methods that help prolong remission. This is:

  • Quit smoking and alcohol.
  • Take sedatives and avoid stress.
  • Do not eat unhealthy foods (fried, salty, etc. ).
  • Monitor the work and condition of the thyroid gland. That is why you must visit the doctor regularly.
  • Discard cosmetics completely or use them only in small quantities.
  • Set a daily routine.
  • Take vitamins, especially after SARS.

Ultraviolet radiation is a good way to prevent psoriasis. Rays can be both artificial and natural. Therefore, patients are advised to be more often in the sun or in the fresh air. When exposed to ultraviolet radiation, damaged areas of the skin will produce an enzyme that can speed up the process of cell regeneration. With the help of such baths, it is possible to successfully treat both skin psoriasis and nail psoriasis.

It is also worth noting that scientists have discovered that there is still no way to fully recover from this disease. Remission can be monitored from six months to several years.

Knowing these points, you will be able to determine the symptoms of psoriasis in time, as well as consult a doctor. If such a disease is treated at an early stage, then the process of therapy can be greatly facilitated and accelerated.